Biotechnology - Careers in Biotechnology

Biotechnology is one of the most progressive and beneficial scientific advances of the last quarter century. An interdisciplinary field that includes mathematics, physics, chemistry, engineering and others, it combines various- technologies to either create a new product or modify an existing one to suit our needs.
Its widespread application across multiple industries like food, pharmaceutical, chemical, bio-products, textiles, medicine, nutrition, environmental conservation and animal sciences makes a career in biotechnology one of the fastest growing fields with ample opportunities for qualified professionals.

Biotechnology combines the theoretical (genetics, molecular biology, biochemistry, embryology and cell biology), and the practical (chemical engineering, information technology and robotics) scientific aptitude, a keen interest in the biological sciences, problem solving skills. An analytical mind is essential for successful career in biotechnology.
The candidate should be methodical and patient by nature, able to work neatly and accurately and have a flair for laboratory work. The ability to work independently is another important aspect. The knowledge of computers is a must.

Eligibility Criteria

10 + 2 science stream graduates can opt for a B.Tech (Biotechnology) or an integrated M. Tech (Biotechnology); science stream graduates from any field (engineering, medicine etc.) can opt for a M. Tech (Biotechnology).
Any candidate with an undergraduate degree from a 10+2+3 system with at least 55% marks in:
  • Physical, Biological, Agricultural, Veterinary & Fishery Sciences,
  • Pharmacy,
  • Engineering,
  • Technology,
  • 4-Years BS (Physician Assistant Course);
  • OR Medicine (MBBS) OR BDS
Is eligible to apply.

Career and Job prospects in Biotechnology

A bio-technologist may find jobs in various quarters. Biotechnology jobs in India can be found in the following fields:
  • Drug and pharmaceutical research
  • Public funded laboratories
  • Chemicals
  • Environment control
  • Waste management
  • Energy
  • Food processing
  • Bio-processing industries
While government institutes and organizations, such as Department of Biotechnology (DBT), several agriculture, dairy and horticulture institutes may offer job opportunities to Biotechnology professionals, one can expect the best salary in private sector.
Drug companies in biotechnology like Dabur, Ranbaxy, Hindustan Lever and Dr Reddy's Labs that have their R & D units offer Biotechnology professionals with handsome pay-packages. There are also ample opportunities available to bio-technologists in the food processing industry, chemical industry and the textile industry.
Some industries employ bio-technologists in their marketing divisions to develop business in sectors where their products would be required.
The major companies, hiring bio-technologists, include Hindustan Lever, Thapar Group, Indo American Hybrid Seeds, Bincon India Ltd., IDPL and Hindustan Antibiotics.

Salary Package

The Government of India provides large-scale employment to most bio-technologists in its research laboratories. Those employed as researchers in government sector can have a starting salary of Rs. 9000 per month along with government perks/allowances.
Private sector pharmaceutical companies generally offer salary between Rs. 12,000- Rs. 20,000 per month to an entry-level postgraduate. A skilled and experienced bio-technologist can get salaries far beyond his expectations.


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